How Does Cyclops Actually See? (Because Science w/ Kyle Hill)

– The mutant known as
Cyclops has been around for almost 50 years, making his debut in the very first X-Men comic. And in that time, his
powers have become iconic. The ability to shoot energy
beams out of his eyes. But wouldn’t having light coming out of the inside of your eyes at all times interfere with your ability
to, you know, see stuff? That’s what we’re here to find out. (techno music) Like any superhero with
decades of history, the explanation of Cyclops’
powers is kind of complicated. But in essence, Cyclops’
body absorbs radiation from the world around
him, which opens at will, stick with me now, portals
to another universe filled entirely with energy
inside of Scott’s eyes. This energy is held at bay and focused by Cyclops’ famous visor and glasses but the question still stands. How the heck does he see
through all this nonsense? Most of you that I asked this question went with a common sense answer. In the comics, and TV shows, and movies, Cyclops can see, so he can see. Okay, fine, but I wanna
go one step further. How does he see? Let’s start with human eye anatomy. We’ll just have to accept that portals to another dimension open
up inside of Cyclops’ eyes. Fine, again, but where? At his pupils, where incoming light can be controlled like
the aperture on a camera? Mmm, I don’t think so. If the portal was right at Cyclops’ pupil, then all the incoming light would be going not into the back of his eyes where vision would happen,
but into another dimension, which would make him blind. Okay, so what if we put the portals more inside of Cyclops’
eyes, like in the center? (grunts) Nah. If the portal formed right in
the center of Cyclops’ eyes, then all of the light
coming from his optic blast would overwhelm his retinas, where your rods and cones turn the detection of photons into vision. This would make him (sings) blind, again. Is there anywhere these portals can be? In accordance with eye
anatomy, I think so, but I wanna show you where with
a little science experiment. Okay, first choose one of these objects that you wanna look at. Not all of you are on the same device so this might take a
little bit of finagling. Choose one object and then close the eye on the same side of that object. Then, look at that object
with your open eye. Now, move your face closer and
further away from your screen until the object that you
did not choose disappears. You might even wanna
try to pause the video and give this a try, I’ll wait. (suspenseful music) Did it work?
Science! You just located your blind spot. All of the information
that is turned into vision by your brain flows
through your optic nerve. But the connection for this
optic nerve actually covers some of your retina in
what’s called an optic disc. You don’t notice this
blank spot in your vision, this blind spot, because
your brain edits it out and fills it in with its own information, which kind of makes
conscious reality a lie. Huh, but this does give us a perfect spot to put Cyclops’ eye portals. If the portals in Cyclops’
eyes were tiny, tiny holes, like pinholes, on his blind spots, then it shouldn’t affect
his vision anymore than a blind spot already does, and in this configuration,
the energy and light could even use his eyes’
lenses for focusing. That works. So with the right configuration, these portals should allow
Cyclops to both see and shoot. However, there are problems with this. (yells) The first problem is that
because of his eyes’ lenses, his blasts come out
slightly upwards like this, but have you ever noticed
that when Cyclops fires, he kinda leans forward a
little bit with his head? See, problem solved, kind of. The other problem is with eyes in general. Your eyes are never perfectly still, they’re constantly making microsaccades, or tiny involuntary movements. Imagine trying to aim an optic blast when your eyes are literally
doing this constantly. Yeah, you don’t notice that, because your brain is always editing the footage of your life into the movie that is consciousness, making your life
(serious violin music) kind of a lie. But maybe Cyclops has a mutation to deal with these microsaccades. Lastly, and this is honestly
more of an aesthetic problem, because Scott’s eyes are
always firing when open, even if he can see, the
inside of his glasses always look like this. With tiny lasers tracing out where his eyes are looking
at the inside of his glasses at all times, that is dumb. But, that doesn’t matter,
because if pinhole portals to an energy dimension are
placed over Cyclops’ blind spots, then he should be able to fire his optic blasts and see just fine. I am giving Scott all of the benefits of all the doubts here,
but maybe I’m just prone to see the world through
rose-colored glasses. Because science. See what I did there? Wow. (techno music) Thank you so much for watching. On my previous video about
werewolves and the moon, a lot of you took issue with
what the moon is actually doing and mentioned its effect on
stuff like violent crime. That’s a myth. If you look at the statistics, on average, no more crimes or
hospital admissions happen during a full moon than any other night. Because science. You want some proof that
tiny pinhole portals open up inside Scott Summers’ eyes? Here you go, look at that clip. Boom, validated. (electronic music)


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